When Dementia Strikes at an Early Age – The New York Times

In frontotemporal dementia, portions of the brain that lie behind the forehead and ears shrink, leading to significant character changes, socially improper or impulsive habits and psychological indifference. Motion and memory problems generally develop later in the course of the illness. According to the Mayo Clinic, frontotemporal dementia often begins between the ages of 40 and 65 and may be misdiagnosed as a psychiatric problem.Lewy body disease is another reason for dementia in younger grownups. It is connected with abnormal deposits of a protein called alpha-synuclein in the brain that affects brain chemistry and causes behavioral, thought and motion problems. Many of the signs are similar to those seen in other dementias, and extra symptoms like hallucinations may look like schizophrenia, however the decline in brain function occurs considerably quicker. A distinguishing sign of Lewy body dementia is having violent dreams and attempting to act them out, Dr. Knopman said.Alzheimers disease remains the most typical reason for dementia in more youthful along with older grownups. There is an acquired kind of Alzheimers that typically arises at more youthful ages, however those cases account for less than 10 percent of young-onset illness. The majority of cases of Alzheimers occur sporadically, for unidentified factors, though hereditary factors may increase risk.People with Alzheimers generally have an accumulation of irregular substances– tau and beta-amyloid proteins– in the brain. Early symptoms include impaired memory, language problems, trouble focusing and finishing jobs, bad judgment and visual or spatial deficits that lead to issues like getting and driving mistakes lost. Brain scans might show a loss of brain cells and an impaired ability to metabolize glucose that is a sign of degenerative brain disease.Probably the most promoted aspect known to increase the risk of early dementia is duplicated head injuries like those experienced by expert fighters, football and soccer gamers, and sometimes by military veterans.Once brain cells are injured or lost, theres no going back. So preventing head injuries is the very best possible defense at the minute. Many moms and dads these days attempt to prevent children from playing sports like football, in which repetitive head injuries are common. Consistent and proper use of helmets and not heading the ball in soccer can limit their threat of head injuries. Dr. Knopman stated hes less worried with grade school kids playing such sports; the danger of establishing dementia at a young age from repeated head injury is much greater amongst those who played Division 1 football or became professional fighters.

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