A number of hantaviruses that can infect people have actually been determined in the United States, each with a main rodent host.
” We can avoid and reduce the threat of hantavirus infection by taking safety measures and looking out to the possibility of it,” said Dr. Juan Luis Marquez, medical director with Washtenaw County Health Department. “Use rubber, latex, vinyl or nitrile gloves when cleaning up locations with rodent invasions, aerate areas for a minimum of 30 minutes prior to working, and make sure to wet locations thoroughly with a disinfectant or chlorine service prior to cleaning.”
” Humans end up being infected when freshly dried materials contaminated by rodent excreta are disrupted and inhaled, enter into breaks in the skin or on mucous membranes or when ingesting polluted food or water,” the health department stated in a statement.
” HPS is triggered by some pressures of hantavirus and is a severe however rare and sometimes fatal breathing disease that can take place one to five weeks after a person has direct exposure to fresh urine, droppings or saliva from contaminated rodents,” said Dr. Joneigh Khaldun, primary medical executive and chief deputy for health at MDHHS in a statement. “Anyone who enters contact with rodents that carry hantavirus is at danger for HPS and healthcare suppliers with a suspect case of hantavirus should call their local health department to report the case and talk about alternatives for confirmatory testing.”
A lady in Washtenaw County was recently hospitalized with a serious lung disease from hantavirus, according to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, which said the female “was most likely exposed when cleaning a vacant dwelling which contained signs of an active rodent infestation.”
Hantavirus infections, related to contact with infected rodents, have caused hantavirus lung syndrome, or HPS, in the United States since 1993. According to the health department, a lot of cases of HPS are determined in adults, typically in the spring and summer.
Symptoms of HPS, which has a 40% death rate, at initially can consist of fever, chills, body aches, headache and gastro-intestinal indications including queasiness, throwing up, diarrhea and stomach discomfort, according to the health department. Symptoms can advance to coughing and shortness of breath.
” The most important hantavirus in the U.S. that triggers HPS is the Sin Nombre infection, which is spread by the deer mouse and white footed mouse.”
Michigan has verified its first case of human Sin Nombre hantavirus, the states health department said Monday.
Rodent bites likewise can transmit hantavirus, according to the health department, which noted that “the highest risk of exposure takes location when entering or cleaning up rodent-infested structures.”
There are no documented person-to-person cases of hantavirus transmission in the United States.